Senin, 07 Maret 2011

What is the difference between strategy, technique, method and approach in terms of teaching

Ø  Strategy
Strategy usually requires some sort of planning. You'd probably use strategy when faced with a new situation, ie. the strategy to win a game.
A plan of action designed to achieve an overall aim.
Strategy means a method. Such as when playing a football game, "That was a great strategy! It always works!" or when playing a video "Ok, our strategy is to go around the enemy".
Your example, "Whats your strategy for setting goals?", is ok to say but some people might not know what you mean. Strategy is almost like the word 'tactic'. Example :
A) What tactics do you use?
B) My teams tactics are going around.

Ø  Technique
Technique is a procedure or skill for completing a specific task. I'd imagine this would be used for predictable events, ie. solving a long division equation.
Teaching Techniques: These are the little sneaky tricks we all know and use to get the job done in the classroom. Teachers all over have systems of rewards/punishments for students who comply and exceed or defy and lag behind. If a classroom is becoming distracted a teacher may use the technique of silent reading or shared reading to try to rope them in again. Another may choose to use a quick physical activity to distract their distraction and get them all to do the same thing at the same time - then quickly direct them back to work. This is really where someone with loads of experience can help another teacher improve her abilities. These are the tricks that can be taught to another teacher. Sort of "I find this really helps during math class" type of suggestions. Also a lot of the in-services and workshops all teachers attend offer little tidbits of games, activites, and actions that teachers can use to achieve certain goals in the classroom. Everything from sending a note home to mom and a trip to the principal's office to giving out 'points' for good behaviour are examples of techniques teachers can use to keep ahead of the pack.
Ø  Method
Method is a way something is done. Perhaps used for routine tasks.
Teaching Method: Refers to how you apply your answers from the questions stated in Teaching Approaches to your day to day instruction in front of your students. Do you follow the textbooks and curricula to the letter with everything? Are you more of a Socratic teacher and prompt discussion by asking questions to lead students to understanding? Do you advocate learning by doing? Are your students expected to simply listen attentively and take notes (not that any student really does that) with the hopes that they can memorize the facts for assessment? This is not really a question of 'what works for you' but what actual practices and procedures of teaching do you prefer and come most naturally to you?

Ø  Approach
An approach is treating something in a certain way. Experiments must be approached the same way to repeat.
Teaching Approaches: I would say that this is the your own personal philosophy of teaching. What is the nature of education? What is the role of the teacher, the student, the administration, the parents? To be an effective teacher, does one need to strive to be authoritarian, to be autocratic, or is the best way to engender a sense of trust and familiarity, to be a 'educating/leading friend' to your students. To understand one's personal teaching approaches, one must first look to answer these types of questions. And of course, your opinion will change as time goes on - and it may vary depending on the students you're teaching.

13 komentar:

  1. post ini sangat berguna kepada saya

  2. izin bwat referensi tugasku..thanks

  3. I don't understand why you intent to describe the difference between a strategy and a method, but then say in the beginning "strategy is method"...

  4. I found these notes very useful.Thanks.Happy 2016- Radhakrishnan from India

  5. My undergraduate students in Vermont, USA, have referred to your blog. This is a very helpful essay. Peace, Professor Doyle

  6. hello thanks for this essay it helped me understand more things on the differences

  7. Thank you! It was really helpful. x

  8. approach is general term, method is specific term and technique is very specific term