Senin, 07 Maret 2011

audio lingual method

v The Audio- Lingual Method
1.      Army Method
2.      New Key
3.      a style of teaching used in teaching foreign languages.
4.      It is based on behaviorist theory, which professes that certain traits of living things, and in this case humans, could be trained through a system of reinforcement—correct use of a trait would receive positive feedback while incorrect use of that trait would receive negative feedback.
5.      This approach to language learning was similar to another, earlier method called the direct method.
6.      students be taught a language directly, without using the students' native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language.
7.      the audio-lingual method didn’t focus on teaching vocabulary.
8.      Rather, the teacher drilled students in the use of grammar.
9.      often within the context of the language lab,
10.   the instructor would present the correct model of a sentence and the students would have to repeat it.
11.  The teacher would then continue by presenting new words for the students to sample in the same structure.
12.  In audio-lingualism, there is no explicit grammar instruction—everything is simply memorized in form.
13.   The idea is for the students to practice the particular construct until they can use it spontaneously.
14.  In this manner, the lessons are built on static drills in which the students have little or no control on their own output;
15.  the teacher is expecting a particular response and not providing that will result in a student receiving negative feedback.
16.  This type of activity, for the foundation of language learning, is in direct opposition with communicative language teaching.
17.  The students were only given “enough vocabulary to make such drills possible.”
18.  Oral drills
19.  the correct imitation of the teacher by the students. Not only are the students expected to produce the correct output, but attention is also paid to correct pronunciation.
20.  no explicit grammatical instruction is given. Furthermore, the target language is the only language to be used in the classroom.

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